Crimean news 55.
(Mass Media survey for 24-29
the material is given in an abridged form).
News from the Mejilis
The Mejilis held a roundtable workshop in Yalta on 14-15 April, entitled: "Crimea: The reasons and revealing of interethnic tension in the socio-economic sphere". The workshop was organized by the Program Of Development And Integration Of The Crimea (PRIK, in Russian) UNO. The main topics of discussion involved the relationships among nations in the course of economic transformations and the reasons for inter-ethnic tension.
* * *
The meeting, devoted to preparations for the mourning measures on 18 May
2000, was hosted by the Crimean Tatar nation's Mejilis’ staff, on 20 April. As a
result, it was decided to create a working group, which will provide all the
technical needs during the activities on 18 May. The Mejilis' politics-and-law
department was given an order to prepare a plan for the meeting
resolution. The project to conduct mourning measures was adopted at the
* * *
Conducting the International Symposium "The Crimean Tatar Culture, Science
and Education in the Context of the Ukrainian-And-Turkish Friendly
Neighborhood" is planned for the month of June of the current year. The measures are timed to coincide with the 500th anniversary of the oldest higher educational establishment of Eastern Europe Zindjirly Medrese, the 100th anniversary of the Crimean Tatar national theater, the 700th anniversary of the city of Karasubazar(Belogorsk) and the 80th anniversary of the Crimean Tatar writer Djengiz Dagdjy. Sessions will be held in the cities of Simferopol, Bakhchisarai, Gurzuf, Sudak and Yevpatoriya.
From the Newspaper "Avdet", ("Return"), #8(242), 25 April 2000, p.1.
The chairman of the Crimean Tatar nation's Council with the President of Ukraine, the national deputy Mustafa Djemilev intends to address the court because of publications in the Crimean press containing an anti-Crimean Tatar ideology that are causing conflicts to arise between nations.
The next-in-turn "sensation" in the newspaper "Krimskaya Pravda" as of 13 April,
compelled M. Djemilev to make such a decision. Under a very blatant headline -
"They tried to get rid of the truth, but it remained safe." Dmitry Kulikov
not only submitted untrue information but also brought an accusation against
the leadership of the Mejilis. In his "unmasking" article, he stated that
supposedly, during the fire in the building of Mejilis in January last year,
very important documents had been burned. To be more exact, those documents were "the lists of citizens, who had help for the buying of dwellings. The help was
provided by the Turkish agency of development and cooperation (TIKA)".
Having stated that the fire was set in the response of planned revision,
the author offered the version that "the arson was started from inside". And that the guard" a soldier of the Crimean Islamic party, was allowed to make Hadj to Mecca as thanks for the pretense as if he had seen no one setting the fire".
The chairman of the Crimean Tatar nation's Mejilis, Mustafa Djemilev sent a
letter to the Prosecutor of the Crimea on 17 April demanding that he should
take urgent measures against the articles’ author and the editorial staff of the
"Krimskaya Pravda" newspaper. He stated that this provocative article
contained "deceitful ideas about the representative organ of the Crimean
Tatar nation, and the Crimean Muftiyat - the highest ecclesiastic organ of
the peninsulas’ Moslems."
Due to the present situation, M. Djemilev asked the Prosecutor of the
Autonomous Republic Crimea to bring an action against the author. He also
emphasized that "Krimskaya Pravda" regularly makes anti-Crimean Tatar and
anti-Ukrainian propaganda and causes “conflicts between nations”. In this
respect, he reminded them about the letter of the Regular Representative of
Ukraine in the Crimea, Anatoliy Korneychuk to the editor-in-chief of
"Krimskaya Pravda" newspaper. Anatoliy Korneychuk noted that the position of
the newspaper "doesn't provide the stabilization of socio-politic agreement
between nations in the Crimea", "some of its materials are aggressive and
nonconstructive in character as related to the state of Ukraine".
The Crimean Moslem's Mufti also addressed the Prosecutor. He focused on
the author's statement that "Mejilis guard is supposedly an accessory to the
arson and was sent to Hadj". He asked that it be investigated whether the fact of accessory to the crime corresponds the truth or not. Otherwise, he demanded
that " they should institute criminal proceedings against the articles’ author
not only for abusing the dignity of the mosque visitor, but also for causing
conflicts between nations of the peninsula".
Gulnara Kerimova, "Avdet" ("Return"), #8(242), 25 April 2000, p.1-3.
Conclusions and recommendations of the participants of the parliamentary hearings relating to: "The problems of legislative regulating and implementation of state policy providing rights of the Crimean Tatar nation and national minorities, which were deported and are now voluntarily returning to Ukraine" were confirmed by the resolution of the Parliament of Ukraine. The national deputy, Refat Chubarov, provided information about this at the briefing with the Crimean journalists, held on 24 April. The problem is being considered at the state level and the parliamentarians have already understood that it is a very deep and topical problem. This, according to Refat Chubarov's words, is the initial result of the hearings.
The Parliament is recommended to take measures on developing and adopting
laws, connected with implementation of clauses 11 and 92 of the Constitution of Ukraine (i.e. those clauses, which contain the term "native nation"), and also the rights of the Crimean Tatars and national minorities that were deported and are now returning to Ukraine. It is also recommended the problem of accepting the Ukrainian citizenship be regulated by a simplified method.
The President is proposing to study the question of signing the Convention of
International Organization of Labor #169: "About Native And Tribal Peoples In
Independent Countries". Ukraine's joining this convention will enable the
determination of politics-and-lawful status of native nations.
The Cabinet of Ministry of Ukraine is recommending to develop the law project
of concept of state ethno-national policy and offer it for the consideration
by the Parliament of Ukraine. In the economic sphere, it is recommended that they foresee the goal of the financing of measures, connected with repatriates'
accommodation from the state budget. They also recommend them to take
measures in order to attract help from other countries, international funds
and organizations, and also provide the repatriates equal possibilities of
participating in privatization and the possibility of taking part in the
Yelena Gornaya, "Krimskaya Gazeta",#77(15933), 26 April 2000, p.1.
The (above) Recommendation also includes a clause offering to use the term
"Crimean Tatars" when writing the names of the entire population of Ukraine.
When being asked to comment on the fact that L. Grach consciously avoided the
terms "native nations" and "national minorities" in the Constitution of the
Crimea, Refat Chubarov responded as follows: "For me, a citizen of Ukraine
and a Parliamentary member, the Constitution of Ukraine is above all. Besides,
it contains clauses on this very topic. These are the clauses number 11 and
92 (point 3)".
According to R.Chubarov's words: “the Committee on human rights and relations
between nations will prepare a law project concerned with introducing additions to the Law "About the Verkhovna Rada* of ARC". “Many of deputies don't accept
the idea of legislative strengthening of representatives according to a
national indication. That's why, noted R. Chubarov, there will probably be a
proportional electoral system in the Crimea.”
R. Bulat, "Golos Krima", #18(337), 28 April 2000, p.1.
Editor’s Note: *Verkhovna Rada VR of ARC is the Parliament of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.
According to Refat Chubarov's words during the preparations for the
parliamentary hearings, they provided the entire participating of all the
interested parties. More than 160 representatives of scientific
establishments, state and non government organizations and organs of local
authorities were invited. At the same time, after the parliamentary hearings
the leadership of Verkhovna Rada of the Crimea expressed its dissatisfaction
because the representatives of the Crimean Parliament were deprived of the
right to take part in conducting preparations for the hearings. He refuted
these statements of the Speaker of the Crimean Parliament, L. Grach and
submitted information that the chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Crimea,
L. Grach, and the chairman of the Ministry Council of the Crimea, S. Kunitsin
were invited to the parliamentary hearings by an official letter.
The parliamentary hearings demonstrated dissatisfactory legislative
regulation of the repatriation process. The absence of a clear state policy of
restoring the rights of the deported Crimean Tatars and some other national
minorities, ignoring national interests of the deported call distrust to the
organs of state power and lead to strengthening of social and political tension in some regions and in the country in the whole. The hearings prove that the Crimean Tatar problem is one of the most urgent and demands an immediate solution.
Gulnara Kerimova, "Avdet" ("Return"), #8(242), 25 April 2000, p.1.
The Crimean Tatar nation's Mejilis chairman, Mustafa Djemilev held a press
conference in Simferopol on 28 April. According to M. Djemilev, the result of the foreign policy activity of the Mejilis was the consideration of the Crimean Tatar problem's at the Assembly of the European Council, where, for the first
time, used the term "native nation" when discussing the problem. Returning to
the discussions in Strasbourg, M. Djemilev remembered an accusation made by the
Crimean speaker, Leonid Grach, in his address. Grach stated that the leader
of the Mejilis defended only the political rights. In this response he was
answered as follows: How many dissatisfied people were there crying that the Mejilis was not legalized, and when it tries to do something in a lawful
way, they rise in revolt. Speaking in regard to conducting the Day of Deportation, it should be said that the plan hasn't been affirmed yet.
-The forms of actions will depend on our agreement with the President of Ukraine. I can only add that the Crimean Tatar nation's Mejilis, the Crimean Tatar national movement have no intention to give-up their principals, - said M. Djemilev.
He also noted that the Soviet Day of Deportation has been associated with the day of national struggle since the days of Soviet power, and it's a normal thing
that the activity increases at this very time.
News TV program "Volna" of the Chernomorskaya TV-Radio company.
The plan and form of mourning measures connected with the next anniversary of the Crimean Tatars' deportation will be asserted by the Mejilis after a meeting of the Crimean Tatar leaders and the President of Ukraine; the meeting has been appointed for 11-12 May, - stated the chairman of the Crimean Tatar nations’ Mejilis, Mustafa Djemilev, at a press conference.
The range and order of conducting these measures, demands made at these
measures will depend on the results of the meeting with the President and the
agreements reached regarding the regulating of repatriates' problems. In
particular, Mustafa Djemilev emphasized that the point about the
Consultative Council of the Crimean Tatars with the President is not
acceptable. Because according to it, nominating and sacking of the Council
chairman is the President's prerogative, but the Council has to be entirely elected by an organ of the people. If it is not possible to change the point,
then the Mejilis will make the necessary statements.
Yelena Gornaya, "Krimskaya Gazeta", #80(15936), 29 April 2000, p.1.
The incident with the motor ship "Pavel Vereshchagin",
The member of crew of the Ukrainian motor ship "Pavel Vereshchagin" was the
only injured after the unarmed rocket had hit the motor ship during the
exercises of the Black Sea Navy. The injured was taken from the motor ship
and sent to the hospital of the armed Navy Force of Ukraine.
On April 24, 30 miles from Donuzlav (Yevpatoriya), a "Progress"-type rocket
released by the Russian navy shore rocket complex from the Khersones cape in
Sevastopol made a big hole in the superstructure of the Ukrainian ship. The motor ship, one of the "River-Sea" class, was making its charter voyage from Istanbul. As they informed the press-service of the Black Sea, the military experts assume that the main reason of the incident with the Ukrainian motor ship "Pavel Vereshchagin" was its entering of the closed zone (the zone of military exercises).
Interfax-Ukraine, "Krimskiye Izvestiya", #78(2028), 26 April 2000, p.2.
The General Consul Mission of Georgia devoted to the problems of citizenship
has recently been accomplished in the Crimea. We should note the especially benevolent relationship of the Georgian diplomats, a considerable decrease of the consul collection (from $30 down to $15), and sometimes, taking into consideration the financial condition of the deponent, they freed them from the collection completely. They gave certificates to people who have never been in prison, thus making it easier to get a living allowance. Some refugees from
Abkhaziya, who had no documents, were given temporary certificates that replaced their ID cards.
According to the vice-consul’s words, the Agreement Project between Georgia
and Ukraine is nearly completed and must be checked in all necessary instances both in Georgia and Ukraine.
Lentara Halilova, "Golos Krima", #18(337), 28 April 2000, p.1.
The Crimean leaders' report about quick land division is the news both happy
and disappointing. On the one hand, the local peasants are the richest in Ukraine: the highest prices are the prices for land, big sizes of plots because the lands of local Collective Agriculture Enterprises (CAE) are traditionally two or three times bigger then anywhere else in the country. On the other hand, the Crimean Tatars don't share a universal joy with the peasants. The Mejilis demands that its every compatriot that has come of age should be given the
same land plot as the CAE members have. They are given land plots from
"reserve" lands. But these plots are smaller than those of the peasant's. The
President has signed the Decree that 50% of reserve land should only be given to
the “social sphere officials”. They were given 15 one-hundredth parts in the
districts with the biggest concentration of the Crimean Tatars. Now, they'll
be given even less. Besides, the leaders of the deported demand that they
should give land to 250,000 of their compatriots, who have to return to
the Crimea in the coming ten years.
Andrey Konovalov, "Komsomolskaya Pravda v Ukraine", #78(894/22304), 27 April
Culture & Education
"Restoring the lost" – an exhibition devoted to the history of the Crimean
Tatar national handicraft was opened in the Simferopol library of Ismail
Gasprinskiy. It consists of unique exhibits: books, telling about the
development of the Crimean Tatars' national handicraft industry, photos and
examples of production.
Many of the national handicraft industries have been lost forever. Research
officers of the Republic Crimean Tatar museum of arts, masters and even
enthusiasts begin reviving some of the ancient handicrafts. There are potters
and ceramic workshops in the museum; they also revive national jewelry,
embroidery and carpet production.
DINAU, "Krimskoye Vremya", #78(945), 27 April 2000, p.5.
The material is given in an abridged form).
They held a workshop in Yalta on 14-15 April: Crimea: the reasons and
revealing of interethnic tension in the socio-economic sphere. The
workshop was organized by the program of development and integration of
the Crimea (PRIK) UNO. The main topic to discuss was the relationship among
nations in the course of economic transformations and the reason of interethnic tension.
The sitting, devoted to preparations for the mourning measures on 18 May
2000 was held in the Crimean Tatar nation's Mejilis on 20 April. As a result,
they decided to create a working group, which will provide all the technical
needs during the measures on 18 May. Mejilis' politics-and-law department was
given an order to prepare the project of the meeting resolution. The project
of conducting mourning measures was adopted at the sitting.
Carrying out The International Symposium The Crimean Tatar culture, science and
Education in the context of the Ukrainian-and-Turkish friendly neighborhood
is planned for June of the current year. The measures are devoted to the
500th anniversary of the oldest higher educational establishment of Eastern
Europe Zindjirly Medrese, the 100th anniversary of the Crimean Tatar
national theater, the 700th anniversary of Karasubazar city (Belogorsk) and the 80th anniversary of the Crimean Tatar writer, Djengiz Dagdjy. They will be held in Simferopol, Bakhchisarai, Gurzuf, Sudak and Yevpatoriya.
The chairman of the Crimean Tatar nation's Council with the President of
Ukraine, the national deputy Mustafa Djemilev intends to address to court because
of the publications in the Crimean press containing an anti-Crimean Tatar
ideology and causing the arising of conflicts between nations.