"We should relate the fact that we have consciously refused to use such terms as "the native nation" and "national minority" to the phenomenon of the Constitution of the Crimea" - stated the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Crimea, Leonid Grach* when coming out at the first national conference - "Educational rights of the national minorities", held in Yalta on April 17. The conference was organized by the program of legislative and political consultations of European Council and by the Ministry of education and science of Ukraine.
Galina Mamiko, "Krimskiye Izvestiya", #73(2077), 19 April 2000, p.1.
Our information: *The Chairman of the Crimean Parliament, Leonid Grach is also the head of the Crimean communists.
Our commentaries: The Constitution of ARC, which was adopted after Leonid Grach and his supporters had come to power, doesn't take into consideration the rights and interests of the Crimean native nations - Crimean Tatars, Karaits and Krimchaks. It doesn't allow them to be presented in the organs of legislative and executive power, preserve their original culture and language.
The Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Crimea, Leonid Grach thinks that Ukraine has to develop and adopt the new concept of ethno-national policy and the law about the national-and-cultural autonomy.
"Besides, this right for national-and-cultural autonomy doesn't have to be the right for national-and-territorial self-determination,- he emphasized.
The head of the Crimean parliament focused on the fact that "public and cultural self-organization are incompatible with actions of duplicating state structures by implementation of parallel imperious functions".
Interfax-Ukraine, "Krimskiye Izvestiya", #73(2077), 19 April 2000, p.1.
Our commentaries: "The native nation of the Crimea - the Crimean Tatars strive for restoring the status of the Crimea as a national-and-territorial autonomy, which had existed before the Crimean Tatars were deported in 1944. The autonomy didn't violate the rights of other nationalities living in the Crimea then and didn't duplicate any state structures.
Leonid Grach has evaluated the situation in the inter-nationalities sphere. "Mejilis is first of all an unregistered, illegal public organ. We have to understand that there can be no other approach to the Crimean situation, except for the approach from the position of recognizing the nationalities as equal and creating conditions for implementing cultural inquiries".
L.Grach spoke definitely against the new status - "the native nation". Abrupt refusal of the chairman of the Crimean Parliament caused some events around the participants of recommendations project of parliament hearings. The hearings were devoted to regulating state policy of providing Crimean Tatar nation's rights.
Galina Mamiko, "Krimskiye Izvestiya", #76(2080), 22 April 2000, p.1.
Leonid Grach states about "ignoring ARC Constitutional principals and flouting constitutional authority of the autonomy" made by the Parliament of Ukraine in relation to the Crimea.
He thinks that Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine " has acted irresponsibly in political and law senses when ignoring one of the main constitutional authorities - one-canal system of budget".*
According to his words it was the first attempt to break the Constitution of the Crimea. "Today, we can speak about the second attempt to violate one more clause from the Constitution of the Crimea ". It was an attempt of the highest legislative organ to begin considering the problems of legislative regulating of state policy in providing Crimean Tatar nation's rights at the parliamentary hearings on April 5 "without participating of an official representative of the Crimean Parliament".**
Interfax-Ukraine, "Krimskiye Izvestiya", #76(2080), 22 April 2000, p.1.
Our information: *The Constitution of the Crimea foresees one-canal budget system of the Crimea. Yet, it doesn't correspond the clauses of the Constitution of Ukraine, that's why the state budget of Ukraine for year 2000 was adopted without giving the Crimea one-canal budget system.
**The Prime-Minister of the Crimea, the deputy of Supreme Soviet of the Crimea, Sergey Kunitsin, took part at the Parliamentary hearings and came out with a report. He made his own evaluation to the parliamentary hearings (see "Crimean news" #52).
And so, the Ukrainian referendum on people's initiative has been held. According to the data of the commission dealing with carrying out the referendum in the Autonomous Republic Crimea 70% of Crimean voters took part in the referendum. Besides, more than 81% of them voted for abolishing deputy immunity.
O.Volodin, "Krimskaya Pravda", #71(22484), 18 April 2000, p.1-2.
As the chairman of the Crimean electoral committee stated, according to exact data the first question of the referendum (about giving the President rights of dissolution of the Parliament in case if the deputies don't form the majority in the Parliament and assert the budget in 3 months time) was positively answered by 70,28% of the Crimean dwellers, who took part in the election. 81,21% of the election participants voted for limiting the deputy immunity. 83,14% of the referendum participants voted for reducing the number of deputies from 450 to 300. 68,31% voted for creating a double-house parliament.
Alexey Nejivoy, "Krimskoye Vremya", #71(938), 18 April 2000, p.2.
Due to the visit of Presidents of Russia and Ukraine to Sevastopol city administration took extraordinary security measures. Traffic was blocked in the downtown, and there were almost no pedestrians.
The President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin and the President of Ukraine, Leonid Kuchma arrived in the Crimea from Kyiv in the President's of Ukraine plane. The heads of two states discussed the problems of the Black Sea navy.
Tayana Ryabchikova "Krimskaya Pravda", #72(938), 18 April 2000, p.2.
Sevastopol was and will remain a Russian city, it will be if not a Russian then a Pro-Russian city. It was demonstrated by the city dwellers on April 18, the day of working visit of Vladimir Putin and the President of Ukraine, Leonid Kuchma. Having gathered near the main city square, Sevastopol dwellers brought abrupt slogans: "We surrender to Russia", "Putin, don't forget: Sevastopol, Crimea are Russian".
Vladimir Putin said that the theme of two navies partnership had been "seriously discussed" in Kyiv. The question - will the position of Russia concerning entering NATO by former Soviet republics change? - was answered by the President of Ukraine as follows: "Russia has had a special relation to it according to its national interests. And if they don't welcome Russia there we will, of course, carefully watch the process of widening of NATO, and we will resist NATO approaching our boarders."
On 18 April evening Vladimir Putin and Leonid Kuchma left Sevastopol.
Tatyana Ryabchikova, Grigoriy Staroverov, "Krimskaya Pravda", #73(22486), 20 April 2000, p.1-2.
217 years ago, on 19 April 1783, Yekaterina the Great signed the manifesto of accepting the Crimea, Taman and the whole Kuban to the Russian power. Taman and Kuban have been a part of Russia ever since and the Crimea by a historic miracle became a part of Ukraine.
In 1996 the Russian community of the Crimea proclaimed the April 19 as a national holiday - The day of reunification of the Crimea and Russia. Some hundreds of the Crimean dwellers came to the Central Park of Simferopol having Russian flags and slogans. "Glory to Russia!", "Russia, Byelorussia, Ukraine are together forever!", "Russia and the Crimea are united!", "Yeketerina's manifesto is darling even to Ukraine!" - said the slogans.
The meeting participants called the Russians to unite and act together. The meeting resolution also condemns the partnership of the Ukrainian power with "unlawful groups of the Crimean Tatar extremists, who call themselves as "mejilises", attempts of the parliament to adopt laws "About the Crimean Tatar nation's status" and "about the native nation of the Crimea". In this connection the meeting participants demanded that they should give the Russian language the status of a state language, reunite Ukraine with Russia and Byelorussia into one Union…
Alexander Mashenko, "Krimskoye Vremya", #73(940), 20 April 2000, p.3.
Our information: *in 1954 the head of the Soviet Union. N.Khrushev gave the Crimean oblast from Russia to Ukraine.
Citizenship problems of the former deported and today living in the Crimea after returning from Georgia, will be solved by the Consular mission of Georgia, which has arrived in Simferopol.
During the meeting with the Consular group they asked them to reduce the fee of legalizing the documents for giving up the Georgian citizenship, which makes up $45. They noted that the representatives of embassy were in power to reduce the fee down to $30, and it would be implemented.
There are more than 3,5 thousand of the citizens of Georgia living in the Crimea, who face an urgent problem of changing the citizenship into the Ukrainian one. Most of them are the Crimean Tatars, who can't afford paying so much money in order to give the Georgian citizenship up.
Interfax-Ukraine, "Krimskiye Izvestiya", #73(2077), 19 April 2000, p.2.
Acting Chairman of Republic Committee dealing with problems of nationalities and the deported, Edip Gafarov speaks about the functions of the department, he's now heading.
- The main function of our committee is the help in accommodation of repatriates and help in the returning of those who haven't returned from the places of exile yet. The Committee has been given the power to distribute facilities on the program of the accommodation of the deported. There are two financial sources - The State budget and the Republic budget of the Crimea.
The Committee is both the developer and executor of the deported accommodation program. Some 260 thousand of the deported have returned by the beginning of the current year, 300 villages of compact dwelling have been formed, they have started accommodating the infrastructure. We are now developing the program of further accommodation for 2001-2005 together with Kyiv.
The further destiny of the repatriates depends on the success of the committee work and real financing of this program. Allocations have been prepared in it according to the years, quarters and even months. They have foreseen to allocate 50 million grivnas* for the year 2001 and two more million are annually added to this sum. Totally, the financing for 5 years will totally reach 315 million grivnas. If the foreseen sum of money is received in time and totally, then it will give an opportunity to do a lot of things. In particular, in 2002 all 300 villages will completely be electrificated, in 2004 all of them will be provided watermain. Simultaneously they will build schools, shops, and medical points. They need 2 million meters square in order to accommodate all the repatriates.
Yelena Gornaya, "Krimskaya Gazeta", #72(15928), 19 April 2000, p.1-2.
Our information: *Grivnas stands against dollar approximately as follows: 5,4 givnas = $1.
The deputy of regular representative of the President of Ukraine in the Crimea, Remzi Havadji met the representative of the Crimean Tatars' organizations in Turkey unity, the chairman of friendship society "Ukraine - Turkey" Ahmed Ihsan Kirimli.
During the years of mass return to the Crimea Ahmed Kirimli has greatly helped the Crimean Tatars. In particular, a building for a hospital was bought and restored in one of the villages. Medical equipment and medicine will soon be received there. Yet, the opening of the hospital is being delayed because of the absence of the canalization. Ahmed Kirimli addressed to the Crimean powers asking help in order to come up with this problem.
Mariya Lashkina, "Krimskaya Gazeta", #75(15931), 22 April 2000, p.2.
The solemn celebration of the 80th anniversary of the famous Crimean Tatar activist, chairman of the Crimean Tatar Diaspora in Turkey Ahmed Ihsan Kirimli was held in the hall of the Crimean State Industrio-Pedagogical Institute (CSIPI).
The rector of CSIPI, Fevzi Yakubov announced awarding him the title of a respected professor of CSIPI. The chairman of the Crimean Tatar nation's Mejilis, Mustafa Djemilev, the deputy of the regular representative of the President of Ukraine, Remzi Havadji, heads and representatives of the Crimean Tatar non government organizations, delegation of guests from Turkey, and representatives of the Crimean Tatar intelligentsia congratulated doctor Kirimli.
Folklore ensemble "Krim", national ensemble "Uchansuv" made the meeting cheerful and happy by donating their wonderful music, songs, dances of the Crimean Tatar and other peoples.
Gulnara Useinova, "Golos Krima", #17(3360, 21 April 2000, p.1.
Yevpatoriya city library hasn't received any money from the city budget for completing its book fund for five years. It comes up with this problem itself. The library of N.Krupskaya, for example, together with society of the Crimean Tatar culture "Yashlik" got a grant on program "Integration of the deported nations into the Ukrainian society".
It allowed the library to increase the number of the Crimean Tatar literature. Other city libraries also successfully work together with non-government organizations. They have proved that not only entrepreneurs and heads of enterprises can be indifferent to books but city dwellers also. Readers get a great benefit from such a partnership.
Valentina Lavrenko, "Krimskaya Gazeta", #71(15927), 18 April 2000, p.2.