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CRIMEAN NEWS № 28.

 

(The Mass-media Survey for 18-23 October 1999).

 

POLITICS.

 

The Crimean-Tatars initiated a picket near the Black Sea Navy headquarters of Russia in Sevastopol on 15 October 1999.It was organized by the Sevastopol

regional Mejlis. ”Stop the war in Chechnya!”- Was the slogan of the action. The picket participants blamed the Russian soldiers for the crime committed in

Chechen Republic. Compatriots from Bakhchisaray and Simferopol joined the Sevastopol dwellers. The picket participants adopted a resolution addressed to

the government of Russia. After the picket all the participants went to the mosque where they said prayers in honor of the perished in Chechnya.

 

(TV-program “Haberler” (News), The Crimean-Tatar editorial staff, State TV-Radio company “The Crimea”.)

 

NEWS FROM MEJLIS.

 

The Mejlis chairman, Mustafa Djemilev, met the Turkish ambassador in Ukraine, Alp Karaosmanoglu, on 13 October. They discussed the results of the past

Kurultay and the perspectives of Turkish side in assisting to solve the social problems of the Crimean-Tatars. The Mejlis chairman handed in the documents

to the ambassador adopted at the Kurultay on 1-3 October.

 

*          *            *

The chairman of Mejlis, Mustafa Djemilev, together with the representatives of Chechen Diaspora in Ukraine and some Ukrainian law-defenders initiated a

press-conference devoted to the continuous bombing of the Chechen territory by the Russian bombers.

The declaration adopted by the second session of Kurultay 3 concerning the terrorist policy of Russia in the Caucasus and an address to the President of

Chechnya, Aslan Maskhadov, prepared by the Ukrainian law-defenders were introduced at the press conference.

 

*           *              *

The national deputies of Ukraine, the chairman of Mejlis, and his assistant R.Chubarov took part in the picketing the embassy of Russia expressing their

protest against Russia’s cruel policy in the Caucasus. About hundred and a half people participated in the picket organized by the Ukrainian law-defenders

and the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists.

 

*            *             *

Results of the second session of Kurultay 3 were discussed at the Mejlis sitting on 16 October. Organizing groups for carrying out the 500 years anniversary

of “Zingirly Medrese” (the famous Crimean university which was closed by the communistic regime) in 2000 and the 150 year anniversary of the prominent

Crimean-Tatar instructor Ismail-Bey Gasprinsky in 2001 were created.

(Mejlis press-service, “The Voice of The Crimea”, №43 (310), 29 October 1999, p.1).

 

THE CITY NEWS.

 

The member of the Parliament Assembly of European Community (PAEC), Lord Ponsonby, recently visited Evpatorya together with the deputy of

Ukrainian Parliament, member of PAEC, A.Rakhovsky who is responsible for the Evpatorya electoral district. The main goal of the visit was to learn the

problems of the Crimean-Tatars in Evpatorya and Saki cities and Saki district and also to prepare the report for the PAEC session. Lord Ponsonby had

several meetings with guidance of Evpatorya, Saki cities, Saki district and the leaders of Mejlis. They visited Ismail-Bey village either.

The committee of refugee migration and demography was introduced a report prepared by the Lord Ponsonby and the national deputy A.Rakhovsky in the result of their visit to the Crimea and meetings held in Kiev and Simferopol. The committee approved of their work and made a decision to prepare a report “The repatriation and migration of the Crimean-Tatars” for the next PAEC session.

(Nuri Halilov, “The Voice of the Crimea” № 43 (310), 22 October 1999, p.1).

 

 

ECONOMICS.

 

THE CABINET OF MINISTRY – speaking about the deported nations’ problems.

 

The leader of the Crimean government, Sergey Kunitsyn, came out at the sitting of the Cabinet of Ministry speaking about the measures taken to solve the

problems of the deported nations. 1260000 grivnas of the Crimean budget in 1999 was used for the accommodation of repatriates. (4,65 grivnas equal 1

dollar). 6015000 grivnas of the whole Ukraine’s budget were invited for this purpose. Its major part – 3140000 grivnas were used for construction. It

allowed to pay off all the debts to the organizations for work produced in 1998 and completely electrification 10 villages and lay water in 3 villages where the

Crimean-Tatars live in compact.

Taking into account the propositions of Ministry, the Autonomous Parliament adopted the program of accommodation and social cultural development

2000.The Crimean government plans to use 10 million grivnas of its budget for construction and social-cultural programs. In the final minutes the profile

Ministries and departments were given an order to reconstruct the electricity debts in the villages where the Crimean-Tatars live in compact. The present debt

sum makes up 40 million grivnas.

The final minutes comprises commission for the favorable credit aimed to create additional employment in the villages of the compact dwelling. It also

comprises the project of creating a secondary schools’ network. Ukraine intends to continue the work with international organizations for attracting donor

help.

Two million grivnas given by the Cabinet of Ministry last week will allow to electrification 10 villages and provide with water 20 villages of repatriates. The

government leader intends to visit Saki where a many-story building was recently finished and is now prepared to shelter homeless Crimean-Tatars.

(Press-service of the Crimean Ministry, “The Crimean newspaper’ №196б (15810)

23 October 1999)

 

*               *             *

Sergey Kunitsyn reported that it was the first hearing of this kind before the Parliament hearing. The government foresees financing from the state budget

which will not be less than 20 million grivnas and 11,5 grivnas which are the part of the Crimean budget. Labor and social defense minister was given a

commission to use from the Employment Fund a definite sum of money in order to create additional employment where deported nations live in compact.

(TV-Program “12 minutes of news”, State TV-Radio Company “The Crimea”)

 

A TRANSPORT CORRIDOR PASSES THROUGHT KERCH.

 

In the beginning of the 21st century the program of creating new transport corridors in Ukraine, joining its western boarders with eastern ones and the development program of free economic zones comprises constructing a huge auto terminal on the Kerch coast. This construction will be something like a huge concrete square with hangars for transit cars, roads, goods depositories, filter constructions and a service-center built on it. The service-center will consist of cafes, pubs and a mini-hotel. It will also consist of the ferry over management with frontier, customs, ecology and other services.

In case if the terminal is built and the transport corridor begins its function- the path and, of course, consequently the transport expenses of transit goods will

be reduced by 700 kilometers.

In the result the idea initiators expect increasing the cargo flow and decreasing of the transport expenses. It will be very useful for the economy of Kerch and

the district in the whole. The local government allotted 3 hectares of land for the construction. The preparations of the project documents, which will finally

be asserted by 2000are, made at present time.

(Pavel Golovanov, “The Crimean Times), №199(820), 23 October 1999, p.2).

 

TRUNK-LINE PHONECALLS ARE NOW POSSIBLE IN AK-MECHET.

 

One more trunk-line station began working in one of the Simferopol districts, Ak-Meschit, where the Crimean-Tatars live in compact. The station is always

crowded and full of clients. Four new cabins are at their disposal. The station was built on a very appropriate place and has been equipped with a facsimile

connection device. The “Krymtel” plans to provide with telephones the whole Ak-Meschit district.

(Ivan Dyakov, “The Crimean Truth”,№196(22368), 23 October 1999, p.1)

 

ONE HUNDRED PER CENT PREPAREDNESS.

 

The Djankoy-Pheodosiya-Kerch natural gas line has factually come to the very western part of the Crimean peninsula. The assembling of special

Equipment for supplying gas to the flats is going to be over soon. At the same time the consumers are being controlled and their gas equipment is being

Completely reconstructed. All the planned houses will be supplied with gas by the end of October. The gas line is practically exploited for the whole space

of it.

 

 

RELIGION. CULTURE.

 

ONE MORE MOSQUE CAME INTO BEING.

 

One more mosque was solemnly opened in the village Kalambar (Prudovoye) of the Simferopol district on 15 October. The Moslems began building the

mosque using their own money in 1993. But since the economic condition of Ukraine was in grate decline the building was stopped. Eventually, in 1998 the

building was continued by the fund “Unity” and organization “Arraid” from Saudi Arabia. Volunteer help of local dwellers helped to speed up the process.

Village dwellers, representatives of the Crimean Mufti, sponsors that helped to finish the building took part in he opening ceremony. After that a Friday

Moslem ritual prayer was performed.

 

BOOKS ARE DISTRIBUTED TO SCHOOLS.

 

The Crimean-Tatar Research and Instruction Center have prepared a methodical-instructive basis with using the modern methods of instruction in primary classes at national schools. Eight methodical textbooks have been issued among which “The Native Language” for the first forms, “Mathematics” for 1-3 forms. The textbooks were handed in to the Crimean-Tatar national school №5 in Bakhchisaray.

(“Kirim”, №43(540), 23 October 1999, p.8)

 

 

ANALITICAL MATERIAL.

 

THE CRIMEA: THE FIGHT AND UNITY OF CIVILIZATIONS?

 

The second session of Kurultay , the nation still has juridical right to be the owner of its possessions 3 and the “round table”, “The Crimean government: is the dialogue possible?-these events were the reason to begin discussing problems which have been losing their actuality in Ukraine.

 

THE AUTONOMUS FORM – AS THE AGREEMENT OF THREE SIDES.

 

The most “frightening” point in the program of the Crimean-Tatars’ national move is its final goal – creating the Crimean-Tatar national state on the land where this nation has been firmed and developed, besides they are the native dwellers of this land. At the first glance, this situation is a hidden threatens to the stability in the country and welfare of other nationalities. Actually, this threaten can be materialized only in case of a prolonged postpone of solving the nation’s problems, and ignoring its rights and interests by government. It will sharpen the protests, demands and will actives the national movement, which has declared its intentions to use uncruel methods of struggle. In this case it will be compelled to change its ideology. On the other hand, the contradiction will cease down after successful dialogue between the Crimean-Tatars and the government It now seems that both sides have understood that the stability in the Crimea which is acknowledged as indisputable achievement and an absolute value has its own price – for the government and the Crimean-Tatars. Both sides understand that they will have to sacrifice something essential in order to preserve the social peace and welfare. Who has to sacrifice something and what does he have to sacrifice? Has anyone already sacrificed anything?

The Crimean-Tatars have obviously postponed their demand for the material compensation of the lost possessions during the deporting for an indefinite

period of time (this period can last for ever). You will probably agree that this would be quiet legal, having been thrown away from its native land the Soviet

State did not even take care of the legalization of the action. It did not even adopt any law which would confirm the confiscation of houses and other

possessions which belonged to the Crimean-Tatars until 18 May 1944. And even if the damage caused by the deporting is now exactly known, there will

probably pass a great deal of time, until the sum-total of help received by the nation from the state equals the sum of the damage caused in 1944. If the

nation is well accommodated, integrated into the economics, politics, social and cultural system, the compensation problem will lose its sense.

The government has also understood that the price of stability in the Crimea from its side consists of taking into consideration and solution actual problems of

the nation today. The fact that government’s different branches have different opinions concerning this problem is another pair of shoes. The budget has

money for accommodation, and new national schools are opened (even if it takes a lot of afford). 5,5 per cent of the Crimean government are the Crimean-

Tatars, despite the fact that they make up 12 per cent of the whole Crimean population. Creating the Crimean-Tatars’ Consultative Counsel with the

President of Ukraine is a form of recognizing Mejlis and its role as the highest national representative body. But frankly speaking, not all the Crimean-Tatars

share the same opinion. On the other hand, not all the government representatives approve of this President’s action. First of all it concerns the Parliament of

the Crimea which being elected by the people of the Crimea does not recognize Mejlis elected by the Crimean-Tatar nation. However, it has created the

Counsel of the Crimean-Tatar “Aksakals”, which still has not been recognized.

Refat Chubarov states that he thinks it is a wrong action of the Crimean speaker Leonid Grach, because it has a potential instability of the political situation.

The Crimean-Tatars do not consider the National Counsel with the President to be perfect because its members are assigned by the President instead of

being elected by the nation. It may lead to the President’s assignment of one staff today, and tomorrow he may change his mind and reassign a new staff.

But the fact itself states that the government and Mejlis have learnt how o come to an agreement.

The main result of “Government-Mejlis” dialogue as Refat Chubarov states, must be a form of the Crimean-Tatars’ autonomy which will be agreed by

three sides: the Crimean-Tatars, Ukrainian state and the local population of the Crimea. Only such a three-sided agreement can guarantee stability in the

country. But its forms have not even been discussed yet, and taking into consideration the pace of the dialogue, it will not happen soon. Contradictions

among either the Crimean-Tatars or government branches are the main reason for such a slow rate of the dialogue.

 

COMPLETE AGREEMENT – IS AN ATTAINABLE IDEAL.

 

There are now no reasons to think that the territory of the Crimea will somehow be transformed into the National belonging of the Crimean-Tatars, but on

the other hand there are no categorical objections against the fact that this kind of character will gradually achieve as the agreement of mentioned three sides

will be discussed. It is too early to say that both branches of Ukrainian government will find a common solution concerning the Crimean-Tatar move. While

the legislative body ignores it, Mejlis is in the dialogue with the executive body.

The contradictions among the Crimean-Tatars must be discussed and solved. One of the Djemilev is still a recognized national leader, besides he has weakened the oppositions among the Crimean-Tatars on the one main contradictions is the leadership and the national democracy forms. The “Millet” movement has separated from Mejlis because it blamed Mustafa Djemilev to be an authoritarian – the Kurultay has crossed away the democratic demand to limit Mejlis chairman’s rights to be elected more than two times in a row. However, we cannot ignore the fact that Mustafa hand, and that forming of new political groups in the nation is a usual thing on the other hand. Kurultay decided to recommend its compatriots to vote for Gennadiy Udovenko at the coming-up Presidential elections, and “Millet” movement will probably recommend to vote for Leonid Kuchma. Bun in is up to 160 thousand Crimean-Tatars to decide whom to vote for. Moreover, it is possible to imagine that in the second tour of elections both sides will recommend to vote for the same person since none of them is willing to vote for the left parties.

The International Congress of the Crimean-Tatars is planned to be held in 2000, and the majority has no doubt that the leader of the Congress will be

Mustafa Djemilev. There are also practically no doubts that the unity of programs of both sides will make them join.

 

A TERRITORY FOR ……A dialogue of civilisations?

It is considered that the21st century will be the century of the civilisations dialogue .It is noteworthy that in Ukraine Slavic and Turkic, in other words Christian and Moslem world civilisations meet in the Crimea. That is why it is obvious that with the change of millenniums the Crimea will have a new status- it will be the territory of civilisation dialogue. There are two variants are possible: either as in Chechnya (God forbid) or as in Ukraine (Thanks God). The leader of the Crimean National Strategy Research Institute states that the situation in the Crimea develops in the following way: “From worse to better”. If the participants of national disagreement actions in 1993 made up 13,7 per cent of the total Crimean population, then in one year their number decreased to 8,8 per cent. The number of witnesses of such events decreased from 45,8 per cent to 19,6 per cent. The number of people who have nothing common with this event increased from 36,5 per cent to 68,4 per cent. The scientists suppose that the dynamics of this characteristic is still preserved and has chances to be preserved in the 31st century. There are almost no disagreements between religions on the peninsula, on the contrary – an Interreligious Counsel “Peace and God’s Gift” was created. Eight religious unities take part in this unity, where the Moslem Mufti and the Christian Bishop were elected the co-chairmen.

(Nikolai Semenov, “The Week Mirror”, №41 (262)б 16 October 1999).

 

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