CRIMEAN NEWS №
(The Mass-media Survey
for 18-23 October 1999).
initiated a picket near the Black Sea Navy headquarters of Russia in Sevastopol
on 15 October 1999.It was organized by the Sevastopol
”Stop the war in Chechnya!”- Was the slogan of the action. The picket
participants blamed the Russian soldiers for the crime committed in
Compatriots from Bakhchisaray and Simferopol joined the Sevastopol dwellers. The
picket participants adopted a resolution addressed to
the government of
Russia. After the picket all the participants went to the mosque where they said
prayers in honor of the perished in Chechnya.
“Haberler” (News), The Crimean-Tatar editorial staff, State TV-Radio company
NEWS FROM MEJLIS.
The Mejlis chairman,
Mustafa Djemilev, met the Turkish ambassador in Ukraine, Alp Karaosmanoglu, on
13 October. They discussed the results of the past
Kurultay and the
perspectives of Turkish side in assisting to solve the social problems of the
Crimean-Tatars. The Mejlis chairman handed in the documents
to the ambassador
adopted at the Kurultay on 1-3 October.
The chairman of Mejlis,
Mustafa Djemilev, together with the representatives of Chechen Diaspora in
Ukraine and some Ukrainian law-defenders initiated a
devoted to the continuous bombing of the Chechen territory by the Russian
The declaration adopted
by the second session of Kurultay 3 concerning the terrorist policy of Russia in
the Caucasus and an address to the President of
Maskhadov, prepared by the Ukrainian law-defenders were introduced at the press
The national deputies
of Ukraine, the chairman of Mejlis, and his assistant R.Chubarov took part in
the picketing the embassy of Russia expressing their
Russia’s cruel policy in the Caucasus. About hundred and a half people
participated in the picket organized by the Ukrainian law-defenders
and the Organization of
Results of the second
session of Kurultay 3 were discussed at the Mejlis sitting on 16 October.
Organizing groups for carrying out the 500 years anniversary
Medrese” (the famous Crimean university which was closed by the communistic
regime) in 2000 and the 150 year anniversary of the prominent
instructor Ismail-Bey Gasprinsky in 2001 were created.
press-service, “The Voice of The Crimea”, №43 (310), 29 October 1999,
THE CITY NEWS.
The member of the
Parliament Assembly of European Community (PAEC), Lord Ponsonby, recently
visited Evpatorya together with the deputy of
member of PAEC, A.Rakhovsky who is responsible for the Evpatorya electoral
district. The main goal of the visit was to learn the
problems of the
Crimean-Tatars in Evpatorya and Saki cities and Saki district and also to
prepare the report for the PAEC session. Lord Ponsonby had
several meetings with
guidance of Evpatorya, Saki cities, Saki district and the leaders of Mejlis.
They visited Ismail-Bey village either.
The committee of
refugee migration and demography was introduced a report prepared by the Lord
Ponsonby and the national deputy A.Rakhovsky in the result of their visit to the
Crimea and meetings held in Kiev and Simferopol. The committee approved of their
work and made a decision to prepare a report “The repatriation and migration
of the Crimean-Tatars” for the next PAEC session.
“The Voice of the Crimea” № 43 (310), 22 October 1999, p.1).
THE CABINET OF MINISTRY – speaking about the
deported nations’ problems.
The leader of the
Crimean government, Sergey Kunitsyn, came out at the sitting of the Cabinet of
Ministry speaking about the measures taken to solve the
problems of the
deported nations. 1260000 grivnas of the Crimean budget in 1999 was used for the
accommodation of repatriates. (4,65 grivnas equal 1
grivnas of the whole Ukraine’s budget were invited for this purpose. Its major
part – 3140000 grivnas were used for construction. It
allowed to pay off all
the debts to the organizations for work produced in 1998 and completely
electrification 10 villages and lay water in 3 villages where the
Crimean-Tatars live in
Taking into account the
propositions of Ministry, the Autonomous Parliament adopted the program of
accommodation and social cultural development
government plans to use 10 million grivnas of its budget for construction and
social-cultural programs. In the final minutes the profile
departments were given an order to reconstruct the electricity debts in the
villages where the Crimean-Tatars live in compact. The present debt
sum makes up 40 million
The final minutes
comprises commission for the favorable credit aimed to create additional
employment in the villages of the compact dwelling. It also
comprises the project
of creating a secondary schools’ network. Ukraine intends to continue the work
with international organizations for attracting donor
Two million grivnas
given by the Cabinet of Ministry last week will allow to electrification 10
villages and provide with water 20 villages of repatriates. The
intends to visit Saki where a many-story building was recently finished and is
now prepared to shelter homeless Crimean-Tatars.
the Crimean Ministry, “The Crimean newspaper’ №196б (15810)
23 October 1999)
reported that it was the first hearing of this kind before the Parliament
hearing. The government foresees financing from the state budget
which will not be less
than 20 million grivnas and 11,5 grivnas which are the part of the Crimean
budget. Labor and social defense minister was given a
commission to use from
the Employment Fund a definite sum of money in order to create additional
employment where deported nations live in compact.
minutes of news”, State TV-Radio Company “The Crimea”)
A TRANSPORT CORRIDOR PASSES THROUGHT KERCH.
In the beginning of the
21st century the program of creating new transport corridors in
Ukraine, joining its western boarders with eastern ones and the development
program of free economic zones comprises constructing a huge auto terminal on
the Kerch coast. This construction will be something like a huge concrete square
with hangars for transit cars, roads, goods depositories, filter constructions
and a service-center built on it. The service-center will consist of cafes, pubs
and a mini-hotel. It will also consist of the ferry over management with
frontier, customs, ecology and other services.
In case if the terminal
is built and the transport corridor begins its function- the path and, of
course, consequently the transport expenses of transit goods will
be reduced by 700
In the result the idea
initiators expect increasing the cargo flow and decreasing of the transport
expenses. It will be very useful for the economy of Kerch and
the district in the
whole. The local government allotted 3 hectares of land for the construction.
The preparations of the project documents, which will finally
be asserted by 2000are,
made at present time.
“The Crimean Times), №199(820), 23 October 1999, p.2).
TRUNK-LINE PHONECALLS ARE NOW POSSIBLE IN AK-MECHET.
One more trunk-line
station began working in one of the Simferopol districts, Ak-Meschit, where the
Crimean-Tatars live in compact. The station is always
crowded and full of
clients. Four new cabins are at their disposal. The station was built on a very
appropriate place and has been equipped with a facsimile
connection device. The
“Krymtel” plans to provide with telephones the whole Ak-Meschit district.
(Ivan Dyakov, “The
Crimean Truth”,№196(22368), 23 October 1999, p.1)
ONE HUNDRED PER CENT PREPAREDNESS.
Djankoy-Pheodosiya-Kerch natural gas line has factually come to the very western
part of the Crimean peninsula. The assembling of special
Equipment for supplying
gas to the flats is going to be over soon. At the same time the consumers are
being controlled and their gas equipment is being
reconstructed. All the planned houses will be supplied with gas by the end of
October. The gas line is practically exploited for the whole space
ONE MORE MOSQUE CAME
One more mosque was
solemnly opened in the village Kalambar (Prudovoye) of the Simferopol district
on 15 October. The Moslems began building the
mosque using their own
money in 1993. But since the economic condition of Ukraine was in grate decline
the building was stopped. Eventually, in 1998 the
building was continued
by the fund “Unity” and organization “Arraid” from Saudi Arabia.
Volunteer help of local dwellers helped to speed up the process.
representatives of the Crimean Mufti, sponsors that helped to finish the
building took part in he opening ceremony. After that a Friday
Moslem ritual prayer
BOOKS ARE DISTRIBUTED TO SCHOOLS.
Research and Instruction Center have prepared a methodical-instructive basis
with using the modern methods of instruction in primary classes at national
schools. Eight methodical textbooks have been issued among which “The Native
Language” for the first forms, “Mathematics” for 1-3 forms. The textbooks
were handed in to the Crimean-Tatar national school №5 in Bakhchisaray.
№43(540), 23 October 1999, p.8)
THE CRIMEA: THE FIGHT AND UNITY OF
The second session of
Kurultay , the nation still has juridical right to be the owner of its
possessions 3 and the “round table”, “The Crimean government: is the
dialogue possible?-these events were the reason to begin discussing problems
which have been losing their actuality in Ukraine.
THE AUTONOMUS FORM – AS THE AGREEMENT OF
“frightening” point in the program of the Crimean-Tatars’ national move is
its final goal – creating the Crimean-Tatar national state on the land where
this nation has been firmed and developed, besides they are the native dwellers
of this land. At the first glance, this situation is a hidden threatens to the
stability in the country and welfare of other nationalities. Actually, this
threaten can be materialized only in case of a prolonged postpone of solving the
nation’s problems, and ignoring its rights and interests by government. It
will sharpen the protests, demands and will actives the national movement, which
has declared its intentions to use uncruel methods of struggle. In this case it
will be compelled to change its ideology. On the other hand, the contradiction
will cease down after successful dialogue between the Crimean-Tatars and the
government It now seems that both sides have understood that the stability in
the Crimea which is acknowledged as indisputable achievement and an absolute
value has its own price – for the government and the Crimean-Tatars. Both
sides understand that they will have to sacrifice something essential in order
to preserve the social peace and welfare. Who has to sacrifice something and
what does he have to sacrifice? Has anyone already sacrificed anything?
The Crimean-Tatars have
obviously postponed their demand for the material compensation of the lost
possessions during the deporting for an indefinite
period of time (this
period can last for ever). You will probably agree that this would be quiet
legal, having been thrown away from its native land the Soviet
State did not even take
care of the legalization of the action. It did not even adopt any law which
would confirm the confiscation of houses and other
belonged to the Crimean-Tatars until 18 May 1944. And even if the damage caused
by the deporting is now exactly known, there will
probably pass a great
deal of time, until the sum-total of help received by the nation from the state
equals the sum of the damage caused in 1944. If the
nation is well
accommodated, integrated into the economics, politics, social and cultural
system, the compensation problem will lose its sense.
The government has also
understood that the price of stability in the Crimea from its side consists of
taking into consideration and solution actual problems of
the nation today. The
fact that government’s different branches have different opinions concerning
this problem is another pair of shoes. The budget has
accommodation, and new national schools are opened (even if it takes a lot of
afford). 5,5 per cent of the Crimean government are the Crimean-
Tatars, despite the
fact that they make up 12 per cent of the whole Crimean population. Creating the
Crimean-Tatars’ Consultative Counsel with the
President of Ukraine is
a form of recognizing Mejlis and its role as the highest national representative
body. But frankly speaking, not all the Crimean-Tatars
share the same opinion.
On the other hand, not all the government representatives approve of this
President’s action. First of all it concerns the Parliament of
the Crimea which being
elected by the people of the Crimea does not recognize Mejlis elected by the
Crimean-Tatar nation. However, it has created the
Counsel of the
Crimean-Tatar “Aksakals”, which still has not been recognized.
Refat Chubarov states
that he thinks it is a wrong action of the Crimean speaker Leonid Grach, because
it has a potential instability of the political situation.
The Crimean-Tatars do
not consider the National Counsel with the President to be perfect because its
members are assigned by the President instead of
being elected by the
nation. It may lead to the President’s assignment of one staff today, and
tomorrow he may change his mind and reassign a new staff.
But the fact itself
states that the government and Mejlis have learnt how o come to an agreement.
The main result of
“Government-Mejlis” dialogue as Refat Chubarov states, must be a form of the
Crimean-Tatars’ autonomy which will be agreed by
three sides: the
Crimean-Tatars, Ukrainian state and the local population of the Crimea. Only
such a three-sided agreement can guarantee stability in the
country. But its forms
have not even been discussed yet, and taking into consideration the pace of the
dialogue, it will not happen soon. Contradictions
among either the
Crimean-Tatars or government branches are the main reason for such a slow rate
of the dialogue.
COMPLETE AGREEMENT – IS AN ATTAINABLE IDEAL.
There are now no
reasons to think that the territory of the Crimea will somehow be transformed
into the National belonging of the Crimean-Tatars, but on
the other hand there
are no categorical objections against the fact that this kind of character will
gradually achieve as the agreement of mentioned three sides
will be discussed. It
is too early to say that both branches of Ukrainian government will find a
common solution concerning the Crimean-Tatar move. While
the legislative body
ignores it, Mejlis is in the dialogue with the executive body.
among the Crimean-Tatars must be discussed and solved. One of the Djemilev is
still a recognized national leader, besides he has weakened the oppositions
among the Crimean-Tatars on the one main contradictions is the leadership and
the national democracy forms. The “Millet” movement has separated from
Mejlis because it blamed Mustafa Djemilev to be an authoritarian – the
Kurultay has crossed away the democratic demand to limit Mejlis chairman’s
rights to be elected more than two times in a row. However, we cannot ignore the
fact that Mustafa hand, and that forming of new political groups in the nation
is a usual thing on the other hand. Kurultay decided to recommend its compatriots
to vote for Gennadiy Udovenko at the coming-up Presidential elections, and
“Millet” movement will probably recommend to vote for Leonid Kuchma. Bun in
is up to 160 thousand Crimean-Tatars to decide whom to vote for. Moreover, it is
possible to imagine that in the second tour of elections both sides will
recommend to vote for the same person since none of them is willing to vote for
the left parties.
International Congress of the Crimean-Tatars is planned to be held in 2000, and
the majority has no doubt that the leader of the Congress will be
Djemilev. There are also practically no doubts that the unity of programs of
both sides will make them join.
TERRITORY FOR ……A dialogue of civilisations?
considered that the21st century will be the century of the civilisations
dialogue .It is noteworthy that in Ukraine Slavic and Turkic, in other words
Christian and Moslem world civilisations meet in the Crimea. That is why it is
obvious that with the change of millenniums the Crimea will have a new status-
it will be the territory of civilisation dialogue. There are two variants are
possible: either as in Chechnya (God forbid) or as in Ukraine (Thanks God). The
leader of the Crimean National Strategy Research Institute states that the
situation in the Crimea develops in the following way: “From worse to
better”. If the participants of national disagreement actions in 1993 made up
13,7 per cent of the total Crimean population, then in one year their number
decreased to 8,8 per cent. The number of witnesses of such events decreased from
45,8 per cent to 19,6 per cent. The number of people who have nothing common
with this event increased from 36,5 per cent to 68,4 per cent. The scientists
suppose that the dynamics of this characteristic is still preserved and has
chances to be preserved in the 31st century. There are almost no
disagreements between religions on the peninsula, on the contrary – an
Interreligious Counsel “Peace and God’s Gift” was created. Eight religious
unities take part in this unity, where the Moslem Mufti and the Christian Bishop
were elected the co-chairmen.
Semenov, “The Week Mirror”, №41 (262)б 16 October 1999).
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